The Ministry had taken up detailed review of NHs network with a view to develop the road connectivity to Border areas, development of Coastal roads including road connectivity for Non-Major ports, improvement in the efficiency of National Corridors, development of Economic Corridors, Inter Corridors and Feeder Routes along with integration with Sagarmala, etc., under proposed Bharatmala Pariyojana. The proposal envisages development of about 26,000 km length of Economic Corridors, which along with Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) and North-South and East-West (NS-EW) Corridors are expected to carry majority of the Freight Traffic on roads. Further, about 8,000 km of Inter Corridors and about 7,500 km of Feeder Routes have been identified for improving effectiveness of Economic Corridors, GQ and NS-EW Corridors. The proposed programme envisages development of Ring Roads / bypasses and elevated corridors to decongest the traffic passing through cities and enhance logistic efficiency; 28 cities have been identified for Ring Roads; 125 choke points and 66 congestion points have been identified for their improvement. Further, in order to reduce congestion on proposed Corridors, enhance logistic efficiency and reduce logistics costs of freight movements, 35 locations have been identified for development of Multimodal Logistics Parks.
Phase-I of the programme includes development of 9,000 km Economic Corridors, 6,000 km Inter-corridors & feeder routes, 5,000 km National Corridor Efficiency improvements, 2,000 km Border & International connectivity roads, 2,000 km coastal & port connectivity roads, 800 km Expressways and 10,000 km balance road works under NHDP. The Public Investment Board (PIB) recommended Bharatmala Pariyojana Phase-I during its meeting held on 16.06.2017 for total estimated investment of Rs. 5,35,000 crore (Rs. 3,85,000 crore for 24,800 km + Rs. 1,50,000 crore for ongoing / Balance projects under NHDP (10,000 km); the programme is targeted for completion in 2021-22. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved its investment decision during its meeting held on 24.10.2017.
A short video:
The components of Bharatmala Phase-I
- National Corridors Efficiency Improvement
Lane expansion, de-congestion of existing National Corridors
- Economic Corridors development
Connection of economically important production & consumption centers
- Inter-corridor and Feeder routes development
Inter-connection between economic corridors, development of first mile & last mile connectivity
- Coastal and Port Connectivity Roads
Connectivity to coastal areas to enable port-led economic development
- Border and International Connectivity Roads
Connectivity to border areas and boosting trade with neighboring countries
Greenfield expressways (parallel alignment to high density GQ stretches)